'''Plato''' (; Ancient Greek language|Greek
: ''Plátōn'', in Attic Greek|Classical Attic
; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BCE) was a philosopher
in Classical Greece
and the founder of the Platonic Academy|Academy
in Ancient Athens|Athens
, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world
. He is widely considered the most pivotal figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western philosophy|Western tradition
["...the subject of philosophy, as it is often conceived—a rigorous and systematic examination of ethical, political, metaphysical, and epistemological issues, armed with a distinctive method—can be called his invention" ()]
Unlike nearly all of his Ancient Greek philosophy|philosophical contemporaries
, Plato's entire work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years.
[Cooper, John M.; Hutchinson, D. S., eds. (1997): "Introduction".]
Along with his...